Russian version

¹ 4-2009

Program Issued by the Presidium of the Russian Academy of Sciences: «Fundamental Issues of Spatial Development: Interdisciplinary Synthesis»
V.I. Suslov ( Economic development strategy for macroregion: approaches, structure and models
The paper considers an economic development strategy for Russia and its macroregions as a political document defining key principles of public policy and commitments of supreme federal and regional authorities in relation to an object of the strategy. The strategic objectives for Russia are to maintain its territorial integrity and win world's leading positions; as for the eastern resource regions - to diversify their economies, achieve population growth and eliminate backwardness of those regions which key indicators are lower than the national average ones. While developing the strategy, we applied a project approach together with mathematical methods. Among other things, we presented, in the context of the mathematical models, the operational definitions of the investment projects effects (direct and indirect; internal and external).
Key words: strategy, objectives and goals, Siberia, large project, scenario of development, expert, local forecast, multiregional multisectoral model, cost function

S.A. Suspitsin ( Sustainable spatial transformations in Russia: measurement concept and methodology
The paper offers the concept, methodology and methodical scheme to measure the spatial transformations taking place in economy; the comparative assessments of regional development in Russia over the period 2009-2012; a stable clusterization technique for regional indicators; the long-term forecasts (for 2009-2030) of how the RF regional structure will change; and the assessment of dynamics of the ordered sets of regional clusters.
Key words: regional forecasting, spatial transformations, interregional differentiation, system modeling

Regional Policy and Economic Issues of Federalism
A.N. Bufetova ( Inequalities in spatial development of regional centers and regional periphery
The paper analyzes the characteristics observed in the development of Russian central and periphery regions over the period of the national economy growth in 1999-2007; and assesses and analyses the dynamics of such intra-regional «center-periphery» inequalities on the base of both several indicators and integrated «center-periphery» inequality coefficients. The paper shows that economic growth of those years was accompanied with growing «center-periphery» inequalities in the beginning of the period, and with higher periphery indicators growth by the end of the period. The latter contributed to the lower «center-periphery» inequalities. The paper identifies the part of intra-region periphery which mostly contributed to such lower inequality.
Key words: region, center, periphery, «center-periphery» inequalities, regional capitals, large cities

Economic Issues of Regional Development
A.G. Granberg (, N.N. Mikheeva (, P.A. Minakir (, V.V. Kuleshov (, Yu.S. Yershov (, V.Ye. Seliverstov (, V.I. Suslov, S.A. Suspitsin World crisis and Russian spatial socio-economic development strategy
The paper considers the issues of how the crisis can be diagnosed in Russian regions and how the national anti-crises program can be regionalized including the question of efficiency of such regional anti-crises programs. We analyses the potential anti-crisis scenarios and how the current crisis may affect the future trajectory of regional development. On the base of the calculations made by applying the interregional intersectoral models, we presented some variants of a long-term forecast for the spatial socio-economic development in the Russian Federation.
Key words: crisis, region, anti-crisis programs, anti-crisis scenarios, regional policy, forecast

V.D. Marshak ( Assessing socio-economic development in a constituent entity of the Russian Federation under new conditions
The paper analyses potential impacts of recessionary events on the dynamics of regional development. Our calculations have been made by applying an optimization forecasting model to the money flows observed in the Novosibirsk Oblast. We treated the recessionary impacts as follows: a reduction in regional financing by the federal government, devaluation of national currency, transformations of overdue repayment of debts on issued loans, and a reduction in capital projects financing. We show that it is the policy concerning the investment of construction projects - first of all, large ones - proved to be a key factor affecting the socio-economic development in a region.
Key words: region, economy, finance, dynamics, money flows, crisis, investments, optimization model

A.V. Khoroshavin ( Selecting a scenario of industrial development in Sakhalin Oblast
The author proposes an indicator - a coefficient of regional innovation readiness - for using in analysis, and shows how it can be quantified. The paper shows an intimate connection between such coefficient and a labor productivity growth. Having quantified the parameters of industrial development in the Sakhalin Oblast, the author shows that, for the period up to 2025, this region will mainly develop according to an investment scenario. Some economic inertia will also be in effect.
Key words: Sakhalin Oblast, industrial policy, scenarios, development, assessment, forecast

Regional Development and International Cooperation
G.D. Kovaleva (, V.Yu. Drobyshev Siberian regions in foreign markets of food and agricultural raw material
Range of goods produced in Siberian regions, geographical priorities of an export-import policy in regions, their high activity and industrial potentials allows us to state that the regions are ready for better and wider export-import activity. We identify two clusters of regions characterized by different capacities, and the ways of improving the management of their operation in foreign markets of food and agricultural raw material. We assess the potentials of key exported products with consideration for an import-substituting development strategy; identify and assess a set of products of critical import-dependence; and present our evaluation of prospects in import substitution.
Key words: region, statistical recording, foreign trade, market, foods, agricultural raw materials, import-dependence, production, consumption

V.N. Kharitonova (, I.M. Vizhina ( Natural resource development projects implemented in the Yamal-Nenetz Autonomous Okrug: export risks
The paper considers the issues of the long-term development in the Yamal-Ne-netz Autonomous Okrug. We show that the current financial and economic crisis may significantly affect the implementation of the large-scale projects of system-forming character for this region. We also evaluate the export risks for the Yamal Natural Gas Production Project if European partners switch over to other gas markets. Should the Project be withdrawn, the regional fiscal losses will be so high that the complete revision of the Yamal socio-economic strategy will be required.
Key words: region, strategy, system-forming project, commercial and public efficiency, energy-output ratio, export, risk

Social Issues of Regional Development
G.P. Polyakova ( Demographic situation in the Privolzhsky Federal District
Dynamics of key reproductivity indicators for both the Privolzhsky Federal District and Russia in whole demonstrates the similarity of socio-economic conditions and dynamics of demographic processes taking place there. As we determined, over almost two passed decades the steady depopulation had been observed in the District. We also identify the trends concerning the birth and death rates, and show the reserves to make the demographic situation in the District sounder.
Key words: the Privolzhsky Federal District, reproduction, population, depopulation, demographic situation

Regional and Interregional Aspects of Structural and Investment Policy
A.T. Yusupova ( Structural features of modern sectoral markets in Russia
The paper proposes a new classification of industrial market players (firms) by indicators such as «concentration of firms» and «sustainability of leading market positions». This classiiication allows identifying the several types of markets which can be characterized by their market power and models of players' behavior. We analyse Russian markets by applying such classification criteria, and show that the «concentration of firms» for all markets under study proved to have high values. This means that there can be observed the dominating players in the markets, while of a different dominating degree (therefore, market power). As such players dominate in markets, no further development of liberal forms of competition may be expected, as well as the players' behavior models prevailing in markets are far from traditional forms of competitiveness.
Key words: market, structure, classification, firm, analysis, competitiveness, monopolization, stability, sustainability, market power

N.A. Kravchenko (, G.A. Untura ( Capacities and prospects of the innovation development in Siberia
The paper shows a present state of the Siberian scientific, technological and innovation potential which includes a number of scientific achievements of world's significance, a developed system of higher education and scientific personnel training, and an advanced industrial complex including the knowledge-intensive sectors. We identify the key challenges of future development and key problems required to be resolved to build a holistic innovation system in Siberia which could adequately solve such challenges; and propose a scenario of how the existed potential could be targeted on innovation development that allow better competitive advantages of SFD and more favorable conditions of life.
Key words: challenges, strategy, investments, innovation, education, import of technologies, region, knowledge economy, human capital, innovation system, Siberia

A.Ye. Sevastyanova ( Information analysis systems and regional e-government
The paper considers theoretical issues and methodical approaches of what would be the research and information tools, how they could be built and applied to a regional strategic decision-making system. We present a case-study concerning the situation analysis of the issues of the long-term development in the Khanty-Mansy Okrug; and can conclude that combining both the quantitative methods and models and the qualitative approaches to the analysis of real administrative situations would be successful providing that certain conditions are ensured.
Key words: region, governance, regional e-government, decision-making, situation analysis, informatization, information technologies

Ye.V. Lyubimova ( or Improving the applied future energy consumption techniques
Having analyzed the Russian applied methodologies for electricity demand forecasting, the author focuses on regional components, and shows some dispute aspects. The author offers and validates the ways of how to improve the applied methodology. The paper presents the data concerning the Krasnoyarsk Kray and calculated according to both current methodology and improved one.
Key words: electric power consumption, region, forecast, methodology, economy, activities, fuel and energy balance

Local Self-government and Municipal Development
V. Filippov ( Institutional features of building e-government at the municipal level
The paper considers the informatization tendencies of public and municipal authorities and shows E-Government functions in rendering of public and municipal services process. The author presents his theoretical considerations concerning the sharing of powers between federal, regional and local bodies in establishing E-Government. He also notes the institutional features of forming E-Government in municipal administrations.
Key words: public services, municipal services, electronic government (E-Go-vernment), electronic document management (EDM), informatization, information and communication technology, IT-project, electronic digital signature (E- Signature)

Economics of Enterprises
Yu. V. Yakubovsky (, M.A. Matokhin ( Two-level enterprise management system in the context of network-economy
The paper shows that a multi-level management system applicable in market environment proved to be inconsistent with network-economy. A two-level management system is considered more applicable in the context of network-economy as it allows reducing the time required for forecasting, planning, accounting, analysis, and control over production. The author proves that management systems in contexts of market economy, network-economy and «command-hierarchy» economy differ from each other in to what degree they are oriented on client's demand for a certain product.
Key words: enterprise, models of market economy, network-economy and «command-hierarchy» economy, management, efficiency

Foreign Experience of Regional Science, Regional Policy and Spatial Development
G. Horvath ( Inequalities in Eastern and Central European research area
The paper identifies the regional research inequalities in six states of the European Union, and shows that decentralization of science and R&D would contribute to the enhancement of regional cohesion and should became a priority of economic strategies.
Key words: Eastern and Central Europe, inequalities, R&D, human factor, growth-stimulating factor

Ma Yujiung ( Financial anti-crisis measures in Heilongjiang Province
The paper shows what specific features of the economic structure in Hei-longjiang Province allow reducing negative impacts of the world financial-economic crisis on different spheres of the province economy, and describes the economic and social measures which central and province governments undertake to come out of a recession.
Key words: region, financial-economic crisis, structure, economy, revenues, measures, employment

R.B. Zhumagulov ( Diversified oil policy in the Republic of Kazakhstan
The complex analysis of the oil policy conducted by the Republic of Kazakhstan identifies potential ways of its diversifying. The best variant to develop the oil-and-gas sector is gradual increasing of the volumes of oil-and-gas processing and covering of the inland and foreign consumers' demand for wide variety of oil-products.
Key words: Kazakhstan, oil, export, diversification, major pipelines, markets, sale, processing

News Notes
S. Soboleva ( North and South: human dimension of global cooperation

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