Russian version

¹ 4-2010

«Fundamental Issues of Spatial Development: Interdisciplinary Synthesis». Program Issued by the Presidium of the Russian Academy of Sciences
V.G. Loginov( ) Misuse of Northern natural resources: methodical approach to its assessment
The paper shows the methodical features of a technique applied to economic assessment of the natural resources use in the Northern areas where Aboriginal peoples traditionally have lived. It also offers the methodical approaches to assessing such resources misuse.
Key words: North, Aboriginal peoples, traditional resource use, economic assessment, natural resources, cadastre, conditional and unconditional use of natural resources

L.S. Markov(, I.G. Teplova, M.A.( Yagolnitser( ) Cohesion in bio-pharmacological cluster
The paper analyses the innovation aspects of how a bio-pharmacological cluster operate, including that concerning the connectedness of such cluster. We state that contacts with contractors within a cluster are of critical importance for any cluster's company as any contractor could be regarded as a supplier of new ideas, technologies and innovations for the cluster. On the other hand, the high transaction costs are a major institutional force which limits the cluster's growth.
Key words: regional cluster, innovation, connectedness, transaction costs, economic growth

Regional Policy and Economic Issues of Federalism
V.D. Marshak ( ) Analyzing the criteria for intergovernmental links between the center and regions
The paper analyses how the distribution of centralized investments influence regional development through applying an optimization multi-regional model of money flows analysis and foresting. We consider here an approach which takes into account the achievement of a system-wide effect and distribution of resources according to the criterion of maximization of the minimal development level. We present our assessment of how distribution of resources between regions influences the dynamics of the system-wide effect.
Key words: optimization multi-regional model of money flows analysis and foresting, investments, region, criterion of maximization of the minimal development, fiscal capacity, money income per capita

Economic Issues in Regional Development
A.G. Granberg, N.N. Mikheeva (, V.I. Syslov (, T.S. Novikova ( ), N.M. Ibragimov ( ) Assessing the efficiency of investment projects by application of the intersectoral interregional models: results of experimental calculations
The paper considers the methodical issues of how the intersectoral interregional models could be applied to the assessment of large investment projects implemented through public-private partnership. We define the interrelated indicators of project efficiencies at the macroeconomic, regional and microeconomic levels. To demonstrate the advantages of such approach, we present the experimental calculations for a simplified low-sized example.
Key words: bicyclic optimization intersectoral interregional model, multiperiod simulation model of an investment project, direct and indirect effects, internal and external effects, financial (commercial) and economic (public) efficiency

Ye.A. Kolomak ( ) Spatial externalities as a source of economic growth
On the base of the Russian data, we undertook an empirical testing of a model where the spatial externalities generated by regional growths are considered as a source for development of neighboring territories. As our results show, such externalities do affect the other regions' growth rates but the character of such influence in the western Russian regions differs from that in the eastern ones.
Key words: spatial externalities, spatial econometrics, Russian regions

K.P. Gluschenko ( ) Income inequality in Russian regions: comparative analysis
This article reviews the domestic and foreign studies which empirically analyze inter-regional income inequality in Russia. The studies are grouped according to the statistical approaches applied in these studies (cross-sectional analysis, time series analysis, and distribution dynamics analysis). The adequacy of the techniques used and data analyzed is discussed. We also consider the issue of relationship between studying inter-regional income inequality and policy implications.
Key words: Russian regions, inter-regional inequality, income convergence, personal incomes, gross regional product

Ye.A. Goryushkina ( ), A.S. Mishina, I.A. Murzov Fiscal revenues in the SFD regions in the crisis
The study analyses how deeply a drop of regional fiscal revenues taking place due to the economic crisis affect the regions of the Siberian Federal District (SFD). We analyze the sectoral structure of the tax revenues in consolidated regional budgets as well as their tax type structure. The structure of vertical distribution of the SFD tax revenues are compared with the Russian average one. We show a peculiar character of the SFD tax flows from different activities.
Key words: region, economy, differentiation, consolidated budget, fiscal capacity, tax policy, crisis

I.A. Vizhina (, V.N. Kharitonova ( ) How the infrastructure affects the oil-and-gas projects in the East Siberia and the Sakha Republic
Òî foresee the allocation of the oil-gas-chemistry companies in the territory of East Siberia and the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) and their further development on the base of resources of the East Siberian Oil-and-gas Complex (ESOGC), the paper analyzes competitive advantages of different regions. We present the spot analysis of regional advantages and infrastructural constraints which oil-and-gas companies could face while implementing their projects. We also present the balance valuations of supply and demand for light hydrocarbons for different scenarios of the ESOGC development. We identified the corporate, regional and national priorities for allocation of the oil-gas-chemistry complexes. We assess how infrastractural constraints influence the implementation of investment projects, as well as complexity and efficiency of the hydrocarbons usage.
Key words: oil-gas-chemistry projects, efficiency of hydrocarbons usage, transportation and energy infrastructure, infrastractural constraints, investment, regional and national priorities

Social Issues of Regional Development
G.F., Ushamirskaya(, V.P. Babintsev(, Ye.I. Babintseva ( ) Building societal community as a problem of a regional development strategy
The study considers a regional social community concept. A regional social community is regarded as a system of the community members' interpersonal and intergroup attitudes based on their awareness of the solidarity in interests, values and life expectations, mutual support, loyalty and partnership for reaching common goals. We consider the building of such regional social community as a pre-condition of better quality of life and a necessary component of any regional development strategy. We also identify the basic stractural elements of a social community (values, standards and collectivities) and principles to develop such concept.
Key words: region, quality of life, regional social community, social capital, reflexiveness, solidarity, confidence, social network

L.V. Korel( ), V.Yu. Kombarov ( ) Russian industrial enterprises in the mirror of a multi-vector modernization concept: sociological aspect
The paper presents a concept of multi-vector modernization of an industrial enterprise. Analyzing data of the social research, we advance a hypothesis of uneven development of different sub-systems of an enterprise and different vectors of modernization. In our opinion, this is a factor which hampers any enterprise development.
Key words: modernization, industrial enterprises, compositional structure, public opinion poll

Regional and Interregional Aspects of Structural and Investment Policy
A.Ye. Bondarev( ) Monitoring of the regional socio-economic development
The study analyses the application of information processing technologies to socio-economic monitoring of regional development. The author proves the necessity of the development of monitoring techniques allowing for the types of regions and all regional characteristics.
Key words: monitoring, region, characteristics, socio-economic development, automatic monitoring of population, automatic monitoring of economic entities, information analysis system

M.A. Yagolnitser ( ) Solid minerals in the area of the Baykal-Amur Railroad: potential and prospects of their development
The paper retraces the evolution of the idea concerning the integrated development of natural wealth in the area of the Baikal-Amur Railroad, and describes its history of before and after «perestroyka» periods. We show a current role which some of the minerals play for the Russian and world economies, and prove their growing roles. We also characterize a main group of companies which presently are the private investors involved in such natural resource development projects.
Key words: area of the Baikal-Amur Railroad, natural resources, natural resource development, focal development of natural resources, development institutions, operators

A.Ye. Sevastyanova( ) Strategic management of the regional oil-and-gas potential
The paper shows the special features which regional governing systems have due to an «oil-and-gas» orientation of their economies. We applied the modern approaches and algorithms of analysis and strategic decision-making, such as the simulation models and situation analysis, to study the key problems of regional development. As our analysis of the situation in the eastern region of Russia shows, to solve management tasks of the oil-and-gas potential of any territory, a modeling object should include several regions (or RF units). We offered some approaches to reaching a consensus between major operators.
Key words: region, hydrocarbon resources, administrative action, coordination of interests, strategy feasibility study, situation analysis, simulation modeling

N.I. Suslov( ), N.V. Chernaya ( ) Trends of an energy prices ratio: retrospective analysis
The paper analyzes the relative prices for energy sources which were observed in Russian federal districts of over 2000-2006. We analyze the dynamics and key factors of relative prices for coal and gas, and identify the areas according to the different coal-gas prices ratios. We find that at present relative prices for oil and gas, the excessive consumption of gas can be observed in the Russian economy.
Key words: ratio of prices for coal to prices for gas, gas capacity, price for oil-fuel, regional deflators, pricing factors, monopolization of coal market, zonal prices for gas

A.A. Lukyanets (, A.G. Chernov (, V.G. Rotar ( ) A balanced set of indicators for management of a regional utilities system
The study describes the basic principles and advantages of applying the balanced scorecard to public utilities management. Major indicators and a plan of introducing such management system are identified.
Key words: public utilities, a set of balanced indicators, management, strategic maps, indicators, responsibility, introducing plan

Ecological and Economic Issues of Regional Development
N.M. Zhuravel (, V.K. Nakoryakova ( ) Prevailing coal energy: ecological and economic consequences
The paper presents a definition of the best technology available. To reduce the ecologic and economic damages from the coal energy industry, we offer a technique for selection such technologies. The paper includes the statement of the problem, methodology and algorithms for calculating the damage reduction obtained by application of such best technologies. Our calculation and conclusions, which are presented here, are made on the base of the Siberian cost energy budgets.
Key words: ecologic and economic damage, Siberian coal energy industry, energy strategy, best technologies available

Economy of Enterprises
Ye.N. Dubikova( ), V.N. Antipova, N.V. Polyanskova Improvements in the agricultural enterprises' investment and innovation policies in the Samara Ob last
The study analyzes the demand for long-term financial investments and credit resources by agricultural enterprises in the Samara Oblast. We show how fiscal transfers influence the financial and economic activities of these enterprises, and what improvements should be done in the innovation and investment policies at both regional and enterprise levels.
Key words: region, fiscal transfer, innovation and investment policy, agricultural enterprises, expected efficiency

Regions of Russia: Figures and Facts
S.A. Suspitsin( ) Assessing potential growths in Russian regions through regional phenotypes
The paper offers a technique based on regional phenotypes for calculation of anticipated composite regional indices. We present our calculation of such indices for the period till 2015 through using the data covering 2000-2007.
Key words: regional policy, forecasting, phenotypes

News Notes
V.M. Gilmundinov ( ) How the science-based ideas could be turned into innovation business

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